|Short description of the EMS-98 macroseismic scale
|Description of effects
|Felt only by very few individual people at rest in houses.
|Felt indoors by a few people. People at rest feel a swaying or light trembling.
|Felt indoors by many people, outdoors by very few. A few people are awakened. Windows, doors and dishes rattle.
|Felt indoors by most, outdoors by few. Many sleeping people awake. A few are frightened. Buildings tremble throughout. Hanging objects swing considerably. Small objects are shifted. Doors and windows swing open or shut.
|Many people are frightened and run outdoors. Some objects fall. Many houses suffer slight non-structural damage like hair-line cracks and fall of small pieces of plaster.
|Most people are frightened and run outdoors. Furniture is shifted and objects fall from shelves in large numbers. Many well built ordinary buildings suffer moderate damage: small cracks in walls, fall of plaster, parts of chimneys fall down; older buildings may show large cracks in walls and failure of fill-in walls.
|Many people find it difficult to stand. Many houses have large cracks in walls. A few well built ordinary buildings show serious failure of walls, while weak older structures may collapse.
|General panic. Many weak constructions collapse. Even well built ordinary buildings show very heavy damage: serious failure of walls and partial structural failure.
|Many ordinary well built buildings collapse.
|Most ordinary well built buildings collapse, even some with good earthquake resistant design are destroyed.
|Almost all buildings are destroyed.